Radiocarbon pottery dating: the chemical compounds of organic fractions, the reliability of 14C dates (preliminary results)
More details
Hide details
Institute for the History of Material Culture, Russian Academy of Sciences, St Petersburg, Dvortsovaya naberezhnay, 18, 191186, Russia
Institute of Physical Organic Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Surganova str., Minsk, Belarus
Tandem Laboratory of Uppsala University, S-751 20, Uppsala, Sweden
Online publication date: 2012-09-22
Publication date: 2012-12-01
Geochronometria 2012;39(4):233-240
In recent times, a large number of radiocarbon dates appeared for the Southern Neolithic on the basis of pottery dating because other organic matter has practically not been preserved. There are two organic fractions of pottery useful for dating: food residues and carbon from the pottery matrix itself. Food residues are often dated, but this material is not always preserved and is prone to being removed during the cleaning of the pottery. The clay mass of the pottery contains carbon, often directly visible upon breaking of the pottery. The article focusses on determining the chemical composition of the organic fractions in the pottery and the origin of the carbon. For this aim we used the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) method to identify the chemical compounds in the food residue and in the pottery matrix. As an example we used pottery from the Neolithic sites: Zamost’e (Central Russia) and the Varfolomeevskay sites (Southern European Russia, Low Volga region) from archaeological collections. The results obtained demonstrate that the food residue and the pottery matrix contain practically the same organic compounds, even if the relative abundances of various compounds are different in these materials. The origin of the carbon from pottery is discussed.
Bobrinsky AA, 1999. Actual problems of the study of the ancient figulines. Samara. The state Samara pedagogical University press: 106pp (in Russian).
Bardet M, Foray MF and Trân QK, 2002. High-Resolution Solid-State CPMAS NMR Study of Archaeological Woods. Analytical Chemistry. 74(17): 4386–4390, DOI 10.1021/ac020145j.
Bonsail C, Cook G, Manson JL and Saderson D, 2002. Direct dating of Neolithic pottery: progress and prospects. Documenta Praehistorica XXIX: 47–59.
Bronk Ramsey C, 2009. Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon 51(1): 337–360.
Dmitruk SE, Yusubov MS, Belousov MV, Gostischeva MV and Ismatova ZZ, 2009. The comparative IR spectra of the humic asides of different origin from of the peat bogs of the Tomsk regions. Chemical-pharmaceutical Journal 7: 44–47 (in Russian).
Dolukhanov PM, Shukurov A, Davison K, Sarson G, Gerasimenko NP, Pashkevich GA, Vybornov A, Kovaliukh NN, Skripkin VV, Zaitseva GI and Sapelko TV, 2009. The spread of the Neolithic in the South East European Plain: radiocarbon chronology, subsistence and environment. Radiocarbon 51: 783–795.
Gostischeva MV, 2006. Chemical and biological characteristics of different fractions of the humic asides and sapropels. Proceeding of the 5 thscientific cschool “ Peats”. Tomsk: 168-175pp (in Russian).
Harris RK and Wasylishen R, eds., 2010. Encyclopedia of Magnetic Resonance. John Wiley: Chichester. DOI 10.1002/9780470034590.emrstm0211.
Ionin BI and Ershov BA, 1970. NMR spectroscopy in organic Chemistry. New York: Plenum Publising Corporation: 195pp.
Ionin BI, Ershov BA and Kol’tsov AI, 1983. NMR-spectroscopy in the organic chemistry. Leningrad. Chimiya press: 272pp. (in Russian).
Lambert JB, Shawl CE and Stearns JA, 2000. Nuclear magnetic resonance in archaeology. Chemical Society Reviews 29: 175–182, DOI 10.1039/A908378B.
Popov AI, 2004. Humic substances: properties, composition, formation. Saint-Petersburg: 248pp.
Orlov DS, 1990. Humus acids of soil and general theory of humification. M.: MGU: 325pp.
Reimer PJ, Baillie MGL, Bard E, Bayliss A, Beck JW, Blackwell PG, Bronk Ramsey C, Buck CE, Burr GS, Edwards RL, Friedrich M, Grootes PM, Guilderson TP, Hajdas I, Heaton TJ, Hogg AG, Hughen KA, Kaiser KF, Kromer B, McCormac FG, Manning SW, Reimer RW, Richards DA, Southon JR, Talamo S, Turney CSM, van der Plicht J, 2009. IntCal09 and Marine09 Radiocarbon Age Calibration Curves, 0–50,000 Years cal BP. Radiocarbon 51(4): 1111–1150.
Shersheva NG, Rakitina TA, Povetkina LP, 2009. Conditions of formation of the granulometric compositions of the silt sediments on the territory of the National Park “Samarskaya Luka”. Problems of the regional and global ecology of the Samarskaya Luka 18(3): 104–113 (in Russian).
Skripkin VV and Kovalyukh NN, 1998. Recent developments in the procedures used at the SSCER Laboratory for the routine preparation of Lithium Carbide. Radiocarbon 40: 211–214.
Timofeev VI, Zaytseva GI, Dolukhanov PM and Shukurov AM, 2004. Radiocarbon chronology of the Neolithic of Eurasia Teza. St.-Petersburg: 419 pp (in Russian).
Tokarenko SF, 2005. The technology of the manufacturing of the Rakuschecny Yar pottery: the experience of the reconstruction. Archaeological proceedings. Issue 4. Rostov-on-Don: 318–321 (in Russian).
Vasilieva IN, 1999. Fictility of the population of the Northern Caspian Sea region in the Neolithic. The Questions of Archaeology of the Volga river regions. Samara. Issue 1: 77–89 (in Russian).
Vasilieva IN, 2009. About the evolution of the ideas of the plastic row materials of the Neolithic population of the steppe Volga area (based on the materials of the Varfolomeevskaya site). Problems of the study of the Bronze Age cultures of the steppe zone of the Eastern Europe. Orenburg. Orenburg State Pedagogical University press: 65–88 (in Russian).
Vybornov AA, 2008. The Neolithic of the Volga-Kama region. Samara. University Press: 488pp (in Russian).
Zaytseva G, Skripkin V, Kovaliukh N, Possnert G, Dolukhanov P and Vybornov A, 2009. Radiocarbon dating of Neolithic pottery. Radiocarbon 51: 795–803.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top