Chronology of Cauvery Delta Sediments from Shallow Subsurface Cores Using Elevated-Temperature Post-IR IRSL Dating of Feldspar
More details
Hide details
Leibniz Institute for Applied Geophysics (LIAG), Section S3: Geochronology and Isotope Hydrology, Stilleweg 2, 30655 Hannover, Germany
Department of Earth Sciences, School of Physical Chemical and Applied Sciences, Pondicherry University, Puducherry - 605 014, India
Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai 600 025, India
Online publication date: 2011-01-05
Publication date: 2010-01-01
Geochronometria 2010;37:37-47
We present the results of luminescence dating of sediments from two cores from the Cauvery Delta in south-east India. Since all natural quartz OSL signals except one sample were in saturation, the elevated temperature post-IR IRSL protocol for K-feldspar was applied to establish a chronology. Internal dose rates of K-feldspar grains were calculated from the measured internal content of potassium, uranium, thorium and rubidium in the bulk of K-feldspar grains using solution ICP-OES and ICP-MS analysis. A substantial scatter in single-aliquot De values was observed which is most probably due to the effect of incomplete bleaching of fluvial sediments before burial. A minimum age model was applied to extract possible depositional ages. The study revealed that except an upper layer of Holocene sediments (< 5m), the majority of the upper ~50m of Cauvery delta sediments were deposited between marine isotope stage MIS-5 and MIS-10 or older. The feldspar luminescence ages also indicate the existence of a period of non deposition or erosion in the upper part of the cores.
Adamiec G and Aitken MJ, 1998. Dose-rate conversion factors: update. Ancient TL 16: 37-49.
Aitken MJ, 1998. Introduction to Optical Dating. Oxford, Oxford University Press: 262 pp.
Aitken MJ, 1985. Thermoluminescence Dating. London, Academic Press: 359pp.
Arnold LJ and Roberts RG, 2009. Stochastic modelling of multi-grain equivalent dose (De) distributions: Implications for OSL dating of sediment mixtures. Quaternary Geochronology 4: 204-230, DOI 10.1016/j.quageo.2008.
Babu PVLP, 1991. Cauvery delta- its past and present. Memoir of Geological Society of India 22: 91-101.
Berger GW, Post S, and Wenker C, 2009. Single and multigrain quartz luminescence dating of irrigation-channel features in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Geoarchaeology 24: 383-401, DOI 10.1002/gea.20271.10.1002/gea.20271.
Bridgland DR and Westaway R, 2008. Preservation patterns of Late Cenozoic fluvial deposits and their implications: results from IGCP 449. Quaternary International 189(1): 5-38, DOI 10.1016/j.quaint.2007.
Buylaert JP, Murray AS, Thomsen KJ and Jain M, 2009. Testing the potential of an elevated temperature IRSL signal from K-feldspar. Radiation Measurements 44: 560-565, DOI 10.1016/j.radmeas.2009.
Chandra K, Philip PC, Sridharan P, Chopra VS, Brahmaji Rao and Saha PK, 1991. Petroleum source-rock potentials of the cretaceous transgressive-regressive sedimentary sequences of the Cauvery Basin. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences 5(1-4): 367-371, DOI 10.1016/0743-9547(91)90050-8.10.1016/0743-9547(91)90050-8.
Chandra S, Rhodes E and Richards KS, 2007. Luminescence dating of late Quaternary fluvial sediments in the Rapti Basin, north-central Gangetic plains. Quaternary International 159: 47-56, DOI 10.1016/j.quaint.2006.
Das S, 1991. Hydrogeological features of deltas and estuarine tracts of India. Memoir of Geological Society of India 22: 183-225.
Duller GAT, 2003. Distinguishing quartz and feldspar in single grain luminescence measurements. Radiation Measurements 37: 161-165, DOI 10.1016/S1350-4487(02)00170-1.10.1016/S1350-4487(02)00170-1.
Duller GAT, 2008. Single grain optical dating of Quaternary sediments: why aliquots size matters in luminescence dating. Boreas 37: 589-612, DOI 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2008.00051.x.10.1111/j.1502-3885.2008.00051.x.
Fuchs M and Lang A, 2001. OSL dating of coarse-grain fluvial quartz using Single-Aliquot protocols on sediments from NE-Peloponnese, Greece. Quaternary Science Reviews 20: 783-787, DOI 10.1016/S0277-3791(00)00040-8.10.1016/S0277-3791(00)00040-8.
Galbraith RF, Roberts RG, Laslett GM, Yoshida H and Olley JM, 1999. Optical dating of single and multiple grains of quartz from Jinmium rock shelter, northern Australia. Part I experimental design and statistical models. Archaeometry 41: 339-364, DOI 10.1111/j.1475-4754.1999.tb00987.x.10.1111/j.1475-4754.1999.tb00987.x.
Gibling MR, Sinha R, Roy NG, Tandon SK and Jain M, 2008. Quaternary fluvial and aeolian deposits on the Belan River, India: paleoclimatic setting of Paleolithic to Neolithic archeological sites over the past 85,000 years. Quaternary Science Reviews 27(3-4): 391-410, DOI 10.1016/j.quascirev.2007.
Godfrey-Smith DI, Huntley DJ and Chen WH, 1988. Optical dating studies of quartz and feldspar sediment extracts. Quaternary Science Reviews 7: 373-380, DOI 10.1016/0277-3791(88)90032-7.10.1016/0277-3791(88)90032-7.
Huntley DJ and Baril MR, 1997. The K content of the K-feldspars being measured in optical dating or in thermoluminescence dating. Ancient TL 15: 11-13.
Huntley DJ and Lamothe M, 2001. Ubiquity of anomalous fading in K-feldspars and the measurement and correction for it in optical dating. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 38: 1093-1106, DOI 10.1139/cjes-38-7-1093.10.1139/e01-013.
Jain M, Tandon SK, Singhvi AK, Mishra S and Bhatt SC, 2005. Quaternary alluvial stratigraphical development in a desert setting: A case study from the Luni River basin, Thar Desert of western India. In: Blum M and Marriott S, eds, Fluvial Sedimentology VII, International Association of Sedimentologists. Special Publication 35: 349-371, DOI 10.1002/9781444304350.ch19.10.1002/9781444304350.ch19.
Jaiswal MK, Chen YG, Kale VS and Achyuthan H, 2009. Residual luminescence in quartz from slack water deposits in Kaveri basin, south india: A single aliquot approach. Geochronometria 33: 1-8, DOI 10.2478/v10003-009-0009-1.10.2478/v10003-009-0009-1.
Juyal N, Raj R, Maurya DM, Chamyal LS and Singhvi AK, 2000. Chronology of Late Pleistocene environmental changes in the lower Mahi basin, western India. Journal of Quaternary Science: 501-508, DOI 10.1002/1099-1417(200007)15:5<501::AID-JQS528> 3.0.CO;2-J.10.1002/1099-1417(200007)15:5<501::AID-JQS528>3.0.CO;2-J.
Juyal N, Chamyal LS, Bhandari S, Bhushan R and Singhvi AK, 2006. Continental record of the southwest monsoon during the last 130 ka: evidence from the southern margin of the Thar Desert, India. Quaternary Science Reviews 25: 2632-2650, DOI 10.1016/j.quascirev.2005.
Kale VS, Singhvi AK, Mishra PK and Banerjee D, 2000. Sedimentary records and luminescence chronology of Late Holocene palaeofloods in the Luni River, Thar Desert, northwestern India. Catena 40: 337-358, DOI 10.1016/S0341-8162(00)00091-6.10.1016/S0341-8162(00)00091-6.
Klasen N, Fiebig M, Preusser F and Radtke U, 2006. Luminescence properties of glaciofluvial sediments from the Bavarian Alpine Foreland. Radiation Measurements 41: 866-870, DOI 10.1016/j.radmeas.2006.
Kumar SP, 1983. Geology and hydrocarbon prospects of Krishna-Godavari and Cauvery Basin. Petroleum Asia Journal 6: 60-65.
Kunz A, Frechen M, Ramesh R and Urban B, 2010. Luminescence dating of Late Holocene dunes showing remnants of early settlement in Cuddalore and evidence of monsoon activity in south east India. Quaternary International 222: 194-208, DOI 10.1016/j.quaint.2009.
Lepper K and McKeever SWS, 2002. An objective methodology for dose dispersion analysis. Radiation Protection Dosimetry 101(1-4): 349-352.10.1093/oxfordjournals.rpd.a005999.
Li B and Li S-H, 2006. Comparison of De estimates using the fast component and the medium component of quartz OSL. Radiation Measurements 41: 125-136, DOI 10.1016/j.radmeas.2005.
Li B, Li SH, and Wintle AG, 2008. Overcoming environmental dose rate changes in luminescence dating of waterlain deposits. Geochronometria 30: 33-40, DOI 10.2478/v10003-008-0003-z.10.2478/v10003-008-0003-z.
Mejdahl V, 1979. Thermoluminescence dating: beta-dose attenuation in quartz grains. Archaeometry 21: 61-72, DOI 10.1111/j.1475- 4754.1979.tb00241.x.10.1111/j.1475-4754.1979.tb00241.x.
Murray AS and Wintle AG, 2000. Luminescence dating of quartz using an improved single-aliquot regenerative-dose protocol. Radiation Measurements 32: 57-73, DOI 10.1016/S1350-4487(99)00253-X.10.1016/S1350-4487(99)00253-X.
Olley JM, Caitcheon GG and Murray AS, 1998. The distribution of apparent dose as determined by optically-stimulated luminescence in small aliquots of fluvial quartz: Implications for dating young samples. Quaternary Science Reviews (Quaternary Geochronology) 17: 1033-1040, DOI 10.1016/S0277-3791(97)00090-5.10.1016/S0277-3791(97)00090-5.
Olley JM, Caitcheon GG and Roberts RG, 1999. The origin of dose distributions in fluvial sediments, and the prospect ofdating single grains from fluvial deposits using optically stimulated luminescence. Radiation Measurements 30: 207-217, DOI 10.1016/S1350-4487(99)00040-2.10.1016/S1350-4487(99)00040-2.
Pawley SM, Toms P, Armitage SJ and Rose J, 2009. Quartz luminescence dating of Anglian Stage (MIS-12) fluvial sediments: Comparison of SAR age estimates to the terrace chronology of the Middle Thames valley, UK. Quaternary Geochronology, DOI 10.1016/j.quageo.2009.09.013: 1-14.10.1016/j.quageo.2009.09.013.
Ramasamy SM, 2006a. Holocene Tectonics Revealed by Tamil Nadu Deltas, India. Journal of Geological Society of India, 67(5): 637-648.
Ramasamy SM, 2006b. Remote Sensing and Active tectonics of South India. International Journal of Remote Sensing 27(20): 4397-4431, DOI 10.1080/01431160500502603.10.1080/01431160500502603.
Ramasamy SM, Saravanavel J and Selvakumar R, 2006. Late Holocene geomorphic Evolution of Cauvery delta, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Geological Society of India, 67(5): 649-657.
Ramesh R and Subramanian V, 1993. Geochemical characteristics of major tropical rivers of India. Hydrology of Warm Humid Regions (Proceedings of Yokohama Symposium) IAHS Publication no. 216: 157-164.
Ramanathan AL, Subramanian V and Das BK, 1996. Sediment and Heavy metal accumulation in the Cauvery Basin. Environmental Geology 27(3): 155-163, DOI 10.1007/BF00770427.10.1007/BF00770427.
Readhead ML, 2002. Absorbed dose fraction for 87Rb β- particles. Ancient TL 20: 25-27.
Rees-Jones J, 1995. Optical dating of young sediments using fine-grain quartz, Ancient TL 13: 9-14.
Rodnight H, Duller GAT, Wintle AG and Tooth S, 2006. Assessing the reproducibility and accuracy of optical dating of fluvial deposits. Quaternary Geochronology 1:109-120, DOI 10.1016/j.quageo.2006.
Sarma A, 1978. The Paleoecology of Coastal Tamilnadu, South India: Chronology of Raised Beaches, In: Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 122 (6): 411-426.
Sharma A and Rajamani V, 2000. Weathering of gneissic rocks in the upper reaches of Cauvery River, South India: implications to neotectonics of the region. Chemical Geology 166: 203-223, DOI 10.1016/S0009-2541(99)00222-3.10.1016/S0009-2541(99)00222-3.
Sharma A and Rajamani V, 2001. Weathering of charnockites and sediment production in the catchment area of the Cauvery River, southern India. Sedimentary Geology 143: 169-184, DOI 10.1016/S0037-0738(01)00102-6.10.1016/S0037-0738(01)00102-6.
Singarayer JS and Bailey RM, 2003. Further investigations of the quartz optically stimulated luminescence components using linear modulation. Radiation Measurements 37(4-5): 451-458, DOI 10.1016/S1350-4487(03)00062-3.10.1016/S1350-4487(03)00062-3.
Singh P and Rajamani V, 2001a. Geochemistry of the floodplain sediments of the Kaveri river, Southern India. Journal of Sedimentary Research 71(1): 50-60, DOI 10.1306/042800710050.10.1306/042800710050.
Singh P and Rajamani V, 2001b. REE Geochemistry of recent clastic sediments from the Kaveri floodplains, southern India: Implications to source area weathering and sedimentary processes. Geochimca et Cosmochimica Acta 65: 3093-3108, DOI 10.1016/S0016-7037(01)00636-6.10.1016/S0016-7037(01)00636-6.
Sinha R, Bhattacharjee PS, Sangode SJ, Gibling MR, Tandon SK, Jain M and Godfrey-Smith D, 2007. Valley and interfluves sediments in the Southern Ganga plains, India: Exploring facies and magnetic signatures. Sedimentary Geology 210: 386-411, DOI 10.1016/j.sedgeo.2007.
Srivastava P, Sharma M and Singhvi AK, 2003a. Luminescence chronology of incision and channel pattern changes in the River Ganga, India. Geomorphology 51: 259-268, DOI 10.1016/S0169-555X(02)00223-4.10.1016/S0169-555X(02)00223-4.
Srivastava P, Singh IB, Sharma M and Singhvi AK, 2003b. Luminescence chronometry and Late Quaternary geomorphic history of the Ganga Plain, India. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 197: 15-41, DOI 10.1016/S0031-0182(03)00384-5.10.1016/S0031-0182(03)00384-5.
Thomas PJ, Jain M, Juyal N and Singhvi AK, 2005. Comparison of single-grain and small-aliquot OSL dose estimates in 3000 year old river sediments from South India. Radiation Measurements 39: 457-469, DOI 10.1016/j.radmeas.2004.
Thomas PJ, Juyal N, Kale VS and Singhvi AK 2007. Luminescence chronology of late Holocene extreme hydrological events in the upper Penner River basin, South India. Journal of Quaternary Science 22: 747-753, DOI 10.1002/jqs.1097.10.1002/jqs.1097.
Thomsen KJ, Murray AS, Jain M and Bøtter-Jensen L, 2008. Laboratory fading rates of various luminescence signals from feldspar-rich sediment extracts. Radiation Measurements 43: 1474-1486, DOI 10.1016/j.radmeas.2008.
Vaidyanathan R and Ramakrishnan M, 2008. Geology of India. Geological Society of India, Bangalore 2:557-994.
Valdiya KS, 2001. Tectonic resurgence of the Mysore plateau and surrounding regions in cratonic southern India. Current Science 81:1068-1089.
Vandenberghe D, De Corte F, Buylaert JP, Kučera J and Van den haute P, 2008. On the internal radioactivity in quartz, Radiation Measurements 43: 771-775, DOI 10.1016/j.radmeas.2008.
Wallinga J, Murray AS, Duller GAT and Törnqvist TE, 2001. Testing optically stimulated luminescence dating of sand-sized quartz and feldspar from fluvial deposits. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 193: 617-630.10.1016/S0012-821X(01)00526-X.
Wallinga J, Bos AJJ, Dorenbos P, Murray AS and Schokker J, 2007. A test case for anomalous fading correction in IRSL dating. Quaternary Geochronology 2: 216-221, DOI 10.1016/j.quageo.2006.
Wintle AG, 2008. Luminescence dating: where it has been and where it is going? Boreas 37(4): 471-482, DOI 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2008.00059.x.10.1111/j.1502-3885.2008.00059.x.
Wintle AG and Murray AS, 2006. A review of quartz optically stimulated luminescence characteristics and their relevance in single aliquot regeneration dating protocols. Radiation Measurements 41: 369-391, DOI 10.1016/j.radmeas.2005.
Zhao H and Li SH, 2005. Internal dose rate to K-feldspar grains from radioactive elements other than potassium. Radiation Measurements 40: 84-93, DOI 10.1016/j.radmeas.2004.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top