Influence of Climate on Radial Growth of Holm Oaks (Quercus Ilex Subsp. Ballota Desf) from SW Spain
More details
Hide details
Ecology Unit. Faculty of Sciences, Avda. Elvás s/n 06071 Badajoz, Spain
Department of Atmospheric Physics, Complutense University, 28040 Madrid, Spain
IANIGLA, CCT-CONICET, Laboratory of Dendrochronology, Mendoza, Argentina
Online publication date: 2010-01-06
Publication date: 2009-01-01
Geochronometria 2009;34:49-56
A total of 47 trunk sections from Holm Oak (Quercus ilex subsp. ballota Desf) trees growing at two different sites at the Extremadura region (SW Spain) were considered in the computation of a regional tree-ring chronology useful to interpret the tree-ring/Mediterranean climate relationships. This is the first dendroclimatological research of Holm Oaks conducted to reveal its potential use as a climatic proxy. The obtained tree-ring chronologies were compared with climatic parameters based on monthly, seasonal and annual rainfall, and monthly maximum, minimum and average temperature. The best correlations were obtained with maximum temperatures during the period between previous winter and early spring. Influence of rainfall was less relevant. Growth of this species indicates a typical bimodal (spring and autumn) strategy that avoids low winter temperatures and summer drought. Despite some technical difficulties recognizing tree rings in Holm Oaks, its good sensitivity to climate variability and its wide distribution and longevity (~800 years), allow us to consider this species as a good candidate for temperature reconstructions in the Mediterranean Basin.
Blanco E, Casado MA, Costa M, Escribano R, García M, Génova M, Gómez A, Gómez F, Moreno JC, Morla C, Regato P and Sáinz H, 1997. Los bosques ibéricos: una interpretación geobotánica (Iberians Forests: an geobotanical interpretation). Madrid, Planeta: 597 pp (in Spanish).
Cañellas I, Roig S, Poblaciones MJ, Gea-Izquierdo G and Olea L, 2007. An approach to acorn production in Iberian dehesas. AgroForestry Systems 70: 3-9, DOI 10.1007/s10457-007-9034-0.10.1007/s10457-007-9034-0.
Caritat A, Molinas M and Gutiérrez E, 1996. Annual cork-ring width variability of Quercus suber L. in relation to temperature and precipitation (Extremadura, southwestern Spain). Forest Ecology Management 86: 113-120, DOI 10.1016/S0378-1127(96)03787-5.10.1016/S0378-1127(96)03787-5.
Caritat A, Gutiérrez E and Molinas M, 2000. Influence of weather on cork-ring width. Tree Physiology 20: 893-900, DOI 10.1093/treephys/20.13.893.10.1093/treephys/20.13.89311303579.
Carrer M and Urbinati C, 2001. Assessing climate-growth relationships: a comparative study between linear and non-linear methods. Dendrochronologia 19(1): 57-65.
Cherubini P, Gartner BL, Tognetti R, Braker OU, Schoch W and Innes JL, 2003. Identification, measurement and interpretation of tree rings in woody species from mediterranean climates. Biological Reviews 78: 119-148, DOI 10.1017/S1464793102006000.10.1017/S1464793102006000.
Cook ER, 1985. A time series analysis approach to tree-ring standardisation. Ph.D., The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona: 183 pp.
Cook ER and Kairiukstis LA, 1990. Methods of Dendrochronology. Applications in the Environmental Sciences. Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic: 394 pp.10.1007/978-94-015-7879-0.
Corcuera L, Camarero JL and Gil-Pelegrín E, 2004. Effects of a severe drought on Quercus ilex radial growth and xylem anatomy. Trees 18: 83-92, DOI 10.1007/s00468-003-0284-9.10.1007/s00468-003-0284-9.
Costa A, Pereira H and Oliveira A, 2001. A dendroclimatological approach to diameter growth in adult cork-oak trees under production. Trees 15: 438-443, DOI 10.1007/s004680100119.10.1007/s004680100119.
Del Rio S, Peñas A and Fraile R, 2004. Analysis of recent climatic variations in Castile and Leon (Spain). Atmospheric Research 73(1-2): 69-85, DOI 10.1016/j.atmosres.2004.
Fritts HC, 1976. Tree rings and climate. London, Academic Press: 567 pp.
García-Herrera R, Luterbacher J, Lionello P, González-Rouco F, Ribera P, Rodo X, Kull C and Zerefos C, 2007. Reconstruction of past Mediterranean climate. EOS(88-89): 111.10.1029/2007EO090010.
Glueck MF and Stockton CW, 2001. Reconstruction of the North Atlantic Oscillation, 1429-1983. International Journal of Climatology 21: 1453.10.1002/joc.684.
González F, Merino S, Roldán A, García S and Cuevas JM, 2007. MERIS full resolution data for mapping level-of-damage caused by forest fires: The Valencia de Alcántara event in August 2003. International Journal of Remote Sensing 28 (3-4): 797-809, DOI 10.1080/01431160600979115.10.1080/01431160600979115.
Helama S, Makarenko NG, Karimova LM, Kruglun OA, Timonen M, Holopainen J, Merilainen J and Eronen M, 2009. Dendroclimatic transfer functions revisited: Little Ice Age and Medieval Warm Period summer temperatures reconstructed using artificial neural networks and linear algorithms. Annals of Geophysics 27: 1097-1111.10.5194/angeo-27-1097-2009.
Hódar JA, Castro J and Zamora R, 2003. Pine processionary caterpillar Thaumetopoea pityocampa as a new threat for relict Mediterranean Scots pine forests under climatic warming. Biological Conservation 110(1): 123-129, DOI 10.1016/S0006-3207(02)00183-0.10.1016/S0006-3207(02)00183-0.
Holmes RL, 1983. Computer-assisted quality control in tree-ring dating and measurement. Tree-Ring Bulletin 43: 68-78.
Le Houérou HN, 1996. Climate change, drought and desertification. Journal of Arid Environment 34: 133-185, DOI 10.1006/jare.1996.0099.10.1006/jare.1996.0099.
Lumaret R, Mir C, Michaud H and Raynal V, 2002. Phytogeographical variation of chloroplast DNA in Holm Oak (Quercus ilex L.). Mollecular Ecology 11: 2327-2336.10.1046/j.1365-294X.2002.01611.x.
Luterbacher J, Xoplaki E, Casty C, Wanner H, Pauling A, Küttel M, Rutishauser T, Brönnimann S, Fischer E, Fleitmann D, González-Rouco FJ, García-Herrera R, Barriendos M, Rodrigo F, Gonzalez-Hidalgo JC, Saz MA, Gimeno L, Ribera P, Brunet M, Paeth H, Rimbu N, Felis T, Jacobeit J, Dünkeloh A, Zorita E, Guiot J, Türkes M, Alcoforado MJ, Trigo R, Wheeler D, Tett S, Mann ME, Touchan R, Shindell DT, Silenzi S, Montagna P, Camuffo D, Mariotti A, Nanni T, Brunetti M, Maugeri M, Zerefos Ch, De Zolt S and Lionello P, 2006. Mediterranean climate variability over the last centuries: A review. In: Lionello P, Malanotte-Rizzoli P, Boscolo R, Eds., The Mediterranean Climate: an overview of the main characteristics and issue. Amsterdam, Elsevier: 27-148.10.1016/S1571-9197(06)80004-2.
Martín J, Cabezas J, Buyolo T and Patón D, 2005. The relationship between Cerambyx spp. damage and subsequent Biscogniauxia mediterranum infection on Quercus suber forests. Forest Ecology and Management 216: 166-174, DOI 10.1016/j.foreco.2005.
Martínez-Vilalta J, Prat E, Oliveras I and Piñol J, 2002. Hydraulic properties of roots and stems of nine woody species from a holm oak forest in NE Spain. Oecologia 133: 19-29, DOI 10.1007/s00442-002-1009-2.10.1007/s00442-002-1009-224599365.
Meehl GA, Stocker TF, Collins WD, Friedlingstein P, Gaye AT, Gregory JM, Kitoh A, Knutti R, Murphy JM, Noda A, Raper SCB, Watterson IG, Weaver AJ and Zhao ZC, 2007. Global Climate Projections. In: Solomon S, Qin D, Manning M, Chen Z, Marquis M, Averyt KB, Tignor M, Miller HL, Eds., Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, New York: 747-845 pp.
Meko D, Stockton CW and Bogess WR, 1995. The tree-ring record of severe sustained drought. Water Research Bulletin 31: 789-801.10.1111/j.1752-1688.1995.tb03401.x.
Moreno G and Cubera E, 2008. Impact of stand density on water status and leaf gas exchange in Quercus ilex. Forest Ecology and Management 254: 74-84, DOI 10.1016/j.foreco.2007.
Nabais C, Freitas H and Hagemeyer J, 1998-1999. Tree rings to climate relationships of Quercus ilex L. in NE-Portugal. Dendrochronologia 16-17: 37-44.
Nardini A, Salleo S, Lo Gullo MA and Pitt F, 2000. Different responses to drought and freeze stress of Quercus ilex L. growing along a latitudinal gradient. Plant Ecology 148: 139-147, DOI 10.1023/A:1009840203569.10.1023/A:1009840203569.
Ogaya R, Peñuelas J, Martínez-Vilalta J and Mangirón M, 2003. Effect of drought on diameter increment of Quercus ilex, Phillyrea latifolia and Arbutus unedo in a Holm Oak forest of NE Spain. Forest Ecology and Management 180: 175-184, DOI 10.1016/S0378-1127(02)00598-4.10.1016/S0378-1127(02)00598-4.
Olea L and San Miguel A, 2006. The Spanish dehesa. A traditional Mediterranean silvopastoral system linking production and nature conservation. 21st General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation. Opening Paper, Badajoz: 15 pp.
Panaïtois C, Carcaillet C and M'Hamedi M, 1997. Determination of the natural mortality age of a Holm Oak (Quercus ilex L.) stand in Corsica (Mediterranean Island). Acta Oecologie 18: 519-530.10.1016/S1146-609X(97)80038-0.
Pañuelas J, Filella I, Lluisà J, Piñol J and Siscart D, 2000. Effects of a severe drought on water and nitrogen use by Quercus ilex and Phillyrea latifolia. Biologia Plantarum 43: 47-53, DOI 10.1023/A:1026546828466.10.1023/A:1026546828466.
Pañuelas J, Lloret F and Montoya R, 2001. Severe drought effects on Mediterranean woody flora of Spain. Forest Science 47: 214-218.
Paredes D, Trigo RM, García R and Franco I, 2006. Understanding precipitation changes in Iberia in Early Spring: Weather typing and storm tracking approaches. Journal of Hydrology 7: 101-114.10.1175/JHM472.1.
Patón D, Zaballos T, Valle M, Rota A, Rojas A, Martín L and Tovar J, 1993. Cálculo de la carga ganadera maxima por métodos dendrocronológicos en matorrales de Cistus ladanifer (Calculation of stocking density maxima by dendrochronological methods in Cistus ladanifer scrub). Archivos de Zootecnia 42: 415-428.
Patón D, Azócar P and Tovar J, 1998. Growth and productivity in forage biomass in relation to the age assessed by dendrochronology in the evergreen shrub Cistus ladanifer (L.) using different regression models. Journal of Arid Environments 38: 221-235.10.1006/jare.1997.0328.
Patón D, Nuñez J, Díaz MaA and Muñoz A, 1999. Assessment of browsing biomass, nutritive value and carrying capacity of shrublands for red deer (Cervus elaphus L.) management in Monfragüe Natural Park (SW Spain). Journal of Arid Environments 42: 137-147, DOI 10.1006/jare.1999.0501.10.1006/jare.1999.0501.
Patón D, Galavis M, Venegas F and Roig F, 2006a. Comparative relationships between rainfall and radial growth assessed by dendrochronology in Pinus pinea L. and Pinus pinaster Aiton Cast. from high Tiétar river valley (Ávila, Spain). In: First MedCLIVAR Workshop on Reconstruction of Past Mediterranean Climate: 60 pp.
Patón D, Venegas F, Galavis M and Roig F, 2006b. Relationships between rainfall and radial growth assessed by dendrochronology in holm-oak (Quercus rotundifolia Lam.) from "Valencia de Alcántara" (Cáceres, SW Spain). In: First MedCLIVAR Workshop on Reconstruction of Past Mediterranean Climate: 59 pp.
Patón D, Venegas F, Cuenca J, Galavis M and Roig F, 2006c. The swet chesnut (Castanea sativa Miller) forest of Montánchez (Cáceres, SW Spain). An announced dessaparition by climatic causes? In: First MedCLIVAR Workshop on Reconstruction of Past Mediterranean Climate: 61 pp.
Plieninger T, Pulido FJ and Schaich H, 2004. Effects of land-use and landscape structure on Holm Oak recruitment and regeneration at farm level in Quercus ilex L. dehesas. Journal of Arid Environments 57: 345-364, DOI 10.1016/S0140-1963(03)00103-4.10.1016/S0140-1963(03)00103-4.
Puigdefábregas J and Mendizábal T, 1998. Perspectives on desertification: western Mediterranean. Journal of Arid Environments 39: 209-224, DOI 10.1006/jare.1998.0401.10.1006/jare.1998.0401.
Puerto A and Rico M, 1989. Influence of tree canopy (Quercus rotundifolia Lam.) on content in surface soil water in Mediterranean grasslands. Ecology 8(3): 225-238.
Pulido FJ, Díaz M and Hidalgo S, 2001. Size structure and regeneration of Spanish Holm Oak Quercus ilex forests and dehesas: effects of agroforestry use on their long-term sustainability. Forest Ecology and Management 146(1-3):1-13.10.1016/S0378-1127(00)00443-6.
R Development Core Team, 2003. R Installation and administration. GNU Free Software Foundation, Boston, Massachusetts.
Roig F, Barriopedro D, García R, Patón D and Monge S, 2006. NAO signatures in SouthWestern Iberian tree rings. In: First MedCLIVAR Workshop on Reconstruction of Past Mediterranean Climate: 32 pp.
Rodríguez MC, Blanco A, Palo EJ, Torres LM, Torres E and Suárez MA, 2005. Seasonal and spatial mortality patterns of holm oak seedlings in a reforested soil infected with Phytophthora cinnamomi. Forest Pathology 35(6): 411-422.10.1111/j.1439-0329.2005.00423.x.
Rodríguez MC, Santiago R, Blanco A, Pozo JD, Colino M, Palo EJ and Torres LM, 2003. Detección de Phytophthora cinnamomi en dehesas de Extremadura afectadas por "seca" y su comportamiento in vitro (Detection of Phytophthora cinnamomi in pastures of Extremadura affected by "dry" and their behavior in vitro). Boletin de Sanidad Vegetal (Plagas) 29: 625-638 (in Spanish).
Saenz C, 1967. Estudios sobre Quercus ilex L. y Quercus rotundifolia Lamk (Studies on Quercus ilex L. and Quercus rotundifolia Lamk.). Anales del Instituto de Botánica Cavanilles 2: 243-262 (in Spanish).
Serrano A, Mateos VL and García JA, 1998. Trend analysis of monthly precipitation over the Iberian Peninsula for the Period 1921-1995. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 24(1-2): 85-90.10.1016/S1464-1909(98)00016-1.
Serre-Bachet F, Guiot J and Tessier L, 1992. Dendroclimatic evidence from southwestern Europe and northwestern Africa. In: Bradley RS, Jones PD, eds, Climate since AD 1500. Routledge, London, pp. 165-178.
Tardif JC and Conciatori F, 2006. A comparison of ring-width and event-year chronologies derived from White Oak (Quercus alba) and Northern Red Oak (Quercus rubra) southwestern Quebec, Canada. Dendrochronologia 23: 133-138, DOI 10.1016/j.dendro.2005.
Terradas J, 1999. Holm Oak and Holm Oak forests: an introduction. In: Rodà F, Retana J, Gracia CA, Bellot J, Eds., Ecology of Mediterranean Evergreen Oak Forests. Springer-Verlag, Berlin: 3-14.10.1007/978-3-642-58618-7_1.
Terradas J and Savé R, 1992. The influence of summer and winter stress and water relationships on the distribution of Quercus ilex L. Vegetatio 99-100: 137-145.10.1007/BF00118219.
Touchan R and Hughes MK, 1999. Dendrochronology in Jordan. Journal of Arid Environments 42: 291-303, DOI 10.1006/jare.1999.0507.10.1006/jare.1999.0507.
Trigo R and 21 coauthors, 2006. Relations between variabilityin the Mediterranean region and Mid-latitude variability. In: Lionello P, Malanotte-Rizzoli P, Boscolo R, Eds., The Mediterranean Climate: an overview of the main characteristics and issues. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 179-226.
Tutin TG, Heywood VH, Burges NA, Moore DM, Valentine DH, Walters SM, Webb DA, 1993. Flora Europaea. Cambridge University Press, London: 1235 pp.
Villar P, Castro P, Pérez C and Montserrat G, 1997. Stem xylem features in three Quercus (Fagaceae) species along a climatic gradient in NE Spain. Trees 12: 90-96, DOI 10.1007/PL00009701.10.1007/PL00009701.
Wigley TML, Briffa KR and Jones PD, 1984. On the average value of correlated time series, with applications in dendroclimatology and hydrometeorology. Journal of Climate and Applied Meteorology 23: 201-213.10.1175/1520-0450(1984)023<0201:OTAVOC>2.0.CO;2.
Zhang SH and Romane F, 1991. Variations de la croissance radiale de Quercus ilex L. en fonction du climat (Variations of the radial growth of Quercus ilex L. depending on the climate). Annals of Forest Science 48: 225-234 (in French).10.1051/forest:19910209.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top