Progress in the holocene chrono-climatostratigraphy of Polish territory
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Department of Geomorphology and Hydrology of Mountains and Uplands PAS, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Św. Jana 22, 31-018, Krakow, Poland
GADAM Centre of Excellence, Institute of Physics, Silesian University of Technology, Krzywoustego 2, 44-100, Gliwice, Poland
Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, AGH, University of Science and Technology, Mickiewicza 30, 30-059, Kraków, Poland
Institute of Nature Conservation PAS, Mickiewicza 33, 31-120, Kraków, Poland
W. Szafer Institute of Botany PAS, Lubicz 46, 31-512, Kraków, Poland
Online publication date: 2012-12-27
Publication date: 2013-03-01
Geochronometria 2013;40(1):1-21
The Holocene delivers a unique possibility to establish climatic stratigraphic boundaries based on detailed chronostratigraphy reflected in various facies of continental sediments, in their lithological parameters and organic remains. These sediments are dated by the 14C method in the case of organic remains, by counting annual laminations in lacustrine facies, and by dendrochronological method in the case of fluvial sediments. The existence of well dated profiles enables to reconstruct various climatic parameters like amplitudes of seasonal temperatures, types and frequency of extreme rainfalls and floods and, finally, to distinguish rare rapid changes and most frequent gradual ones. This reconstruction is based on the analogous effects of various types of present-day rainfalls. The current authors present a critical review of existing chronostratigraphic divisions starting from simple millennial division by Mangerud based on Scandinavian palynological stratigraphy of peat-bogs and Starkel’s concept based on fluctuations in rainfall and runoff regime reflected in fluvial and other facies of continental deposits. In the last decades, the calibration of 14C dates allowed a new approach to be used for the construction of the probability distribution function of these dates in various facies or types of sediments, which formed a background for distinguishing and correlating climatic phases and defining boundaries between them. These approaches have been creating new opportunities for revision of the existing chronostratigraphy. The aim of this paper is to present a revised version of chronostratigraphic division based on climatic fluctuations reflected in various facies of sediments on the territory of Poland and discuss their correlation with other European regions and global climatic changes.
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