Radial Growth and Health Condition of Norway Spruce (Picea Abies (L.) Karst.) Stands in Relation to Climate (Silesian Beskids, Czech Republic)
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Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 3, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
Online publication date: 2010-11-25
Publication date: 2010-01-01
Geochronometria 2010;36:9-16
The research was conducted in selected spruce stands of the Silesian Beskids aged over 70 at altitudes from 403 m a.s.l. to 794 m a.s.l. in 2008. The samples were taken and processed in compliance with standard dendrochronological methodology. Tree rings were measured and the tree-ring curves were synchronized using the PAST4 application. The age trend was removed in the ARSTAN application and the climatic influences were modelled in the DendroClim application. The regional standard tree-ring chronology shows an obvious decrease in the radial increment from the beginning of the 1970s to the mid-1990s. The gradual increase in radial increment which followed in the second half of the 1990s was interrupted in 2000, 2003, and 2006. Most of the years with the decreased radial increment have been confirmed by the analysis of significant negative years. The radial increment statistically significantly correlates with the precipitation in July and September of the previous year, precipitation in June of the year in question and precipitation during the vegetation period. Moreover, the growth of spruce is statistically significantly affected by temperatures in October of the previous year and March of the year in question. Additionally, the paper includes habitual monitoring of trees and the volume of salvage cutting in these districts. The condition of the habit of trees and the development of salvage cuttings agree with the hypothesis about strong stress load or its considerable increase in 2003 and the following years.
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