The 443-Year Tree-Ring Chronology for the Scots Pine from Upper Silesia (Poland) as A Dating Tool and Climate Proxy
More details
Hide details
Department of Climatology, Faculty of Earth Sciences, University of Silesia, Będzińska 60, 41-200 Sosnowiec
Submission date: 2014-05-16
Acceptance date: 2015-02-02
Online publication date: 2015-03-25
Geochronometria 2015;42(1):41-52
An annually resolved and absolutely dated ring-width chronology spanning 443 years has been constructed using the historical and living-tree Scots pine samples from the Upper Silesia, south of Poland. The constructed regional chronology, based on six object chronologies, covers the period of 1568-2010. It is composed of 178 wood samples with the mean correlation of 0.51, mean series length of 104 years and mean EPS of 0.85. In total, 65 extreme years were distinguished. Their inde-pendent verification, based on the historical and meteorological data, showed significant correlation with the exceptionally cold/mild winters as well as severe droughts. The comparison of the extreme years with the other Polish pine chronologies showed similarities in the years with the anomalous winter conditions. Some extreme years can be associated with the exceptional pluvial conditions; these years are common in the Central European hydroclimatic tree-ring records. The construction of this regional pine chronology enables for the absolute dating of many architectural monuments from investigated region. The application of the new chronology for the dating of local wood can support interpretations of changes in the environment of the Upper Silesian region. In the future it can also be used as the basis for climate reconstruction.
Alestalo J, 1971. Dendrochronological interpretation of geomorphic processes. Fennia 105: 1-140.
Atlas Śląska Dolnego i Opolskiego (Atlas of Lower Silesia and Opole Silesia), 2008. Pracownia Atlasu Dolnego Śląska Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego, Wrocław (in Polish).
Baillie MGL, 1995. A Slice through Time: dendrochronology and precision dating. Routledge, London: 1-176.
Baillie MGL and Pilcher JR, 1973. A simple cross-dating program for tree-ring research. Tree-Ring Bulletin 33: 7-14.
Bartholin T, 1987. Dendrochronology in Sweden. Annales Academiae Scienttiarum Fennicae, Geologica-Geographica 145: 79-88.
Bartholin T, 1991. Dendrochronology in building investigations in Sweden/ Dendrochronology and the Investigation of Buildings. In: Storsletten O, Thun T, eds., Proceedings of International Seminar at the Academy of Science and Letters 22: 14-17.
Bernabei M and Bontadi J, 2012. Dendrochronological analysis of the timber structure of the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem. Jour¬nal of Cultural Heritage 13(4), Supplement: e54-e60, DOI 10.1016/j.culher.2012.10.002.
Billamboz A, 2003. Tree rings and wetland occupation in southwest Germany between 2000 and 500 BC: dendroarchaeology beyond dating. Tree-Ring Research 59: 37-49.
Bortolot Z, Copenheaver C, Longe R and Van Aardt J, 2001. Develop¬ment of a white oak chronology sing live trees and post-civil war cabin in south-central Virginia. Tree-Ring Research 57: 197-203.
Brazdil R, et al., 2005. Historicke a současne povodne v Ceske Repub¬lice (Historical and recent floods in the Czech Republic). Masa- rykova univerzita v Brne, Brano-Praha: 1-370 (in Czech).
Brazdil R, Kirchner K., et al., 2007. Vybrane Prodi extremy a jejich dopady na Morave a ve Slezsku (Selected natural extremes and their impacts in Moravia and Silesia). Masarykova univerzita, Brno-Praha-Ostrava: 1-432 (in Czech).
Briffa KR, Bartholin TS, Eckstein D, Jones PD, Karlen W, Schweingruber FH and Zetterberg R, 1990. A 1,400-year tree-ring record of summer temperatures in Fennoscandia. Nature 346: 434¬439, DOI 10.1038/346434a0.
Bridge MC, 1988. The dendrochronological dating of buildings in southern England. Medieval Archaeology 32: 166-174.
Bryś K and Bryś T, 2010. Reconstruction of the 217-year (1791-2007) Wrocław air temperature and precipitation series. Bulletin of Ge¬ography: Physical Geography Series 3: 121-171.
Buntgen U, Bellwald I, Kalbermatten H, Schmidhalter M, Frank DC, Freund H, Bellwald W, Neuwirth B, Nusser M and Esper J, 2006. 700 years of settlement and building history in the Lotschental, Switzerland. Erdkunde 60(2):96-112, DOI 10.3112/erdkunde.2006.02.02.
Buntgen U, Brazdil R, Dobrovolny P, Trnka M and Kyncl T, 2011. Five centuries of Southern Moravian drought variations revealed from living and historic trees. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 105: 167-180, DOI 10.1007/s00704-010-0381-9.
Buntgen U, Brazdil R, Frank D, Esper J, 2010. Three centuries of Slovakian drought dynamics. Climate Dynamics 35: 315-329, DOI 10.1007/s00382-009-0563-2.
Buntgen U, Esper J, Schmidhalter M, Frank DC, Treydte K, Neuwirth B and Winiger M, 2004. Using recent and historical larch wood to build a 1300-year Valais-chronology. In: Gartner H, Esper J, Schleser G, eds., TRACE, 2: 85-92.
Buntgen U, Frank DC, Kaczka RJ, Verstege A, Zwijacz-Kozica T and Esper J, 2007. Growth/climate response of a multi-species tree¬ring network in the Western Carpathian Tatra Mountains, Poland and Slovakia. Tree Physiology 27:689-702, DOI 10.1093/treephys/27.5.689.
Cedro A, 2004. Zmiany klimatyczne na Pomorzu Zachodnim w świetle analizy przyrostów rocznych sosny zwyczajnej, daglezji zielonej i rodzimych gatunków dębów (Climatic changes in Western Pomer¬ania in the light of analysis of tree-ring sequences of Scots Pine, Douglas fir, and native species of Oak). Wydawnictwo In Plus. Szczecin: 1-143 (in Polish).
Cook ER and Kairiukstis LA, eds., 1990. Methods of Dendrochronolo¬gy: Applications in the Environmental Sciences. Springer, Dor- drecht-Boston-London: 1-395.
Čufar K, De Luis M, Zupančič M, Eckstein D, 2008. A 548-Year Tree¬Ring Chronology of Oak (Quercus spp.) for Southeast Slovenia and its Significance as a Dating Tool and Climate Archive. Tree¬Ring Research 64(1): 3-15, DOI 10.3959/2007-12.1.
Dean JS, 1996. Dendrochronology and the Study of Human Behavior. In: Dean JS, Meko DM, Swetnam TW, eds., Tree-rings, Environ¬ment, and Humanity. Radiocarbon: 461-471.
Douglas AE, 1935. Dating Pueblo Bomto and other Ruins of the Southwest. National Geographic Society, Contributed Technical Papers, Pueblo Bonito Series No. 1.
Eckstein D, 2007. Human time in tree rings. Dendrochronologia 24: 53-60, DOI 10.1016/j.dendro.2006.10.001.
Feliksik E and Wilczyński S, 2000. The influence of thermal and pluvial conditions on the radial increment of the Scots pine (Pinus syl- vestris L.) from the area of Dolny Slask. Folia Forestalia Polonica ser. A, 42: 55-66.
Friedrich MS, Remmele B, Kromer J, Hofmann M, Spurk KF, Kaiser CO and Kuppers M, 2004. The 12,460-year Hohenheim oak and pine tree-ring chronology from Central Europe - a unique annual record for radiocarbon calibration and paleoenvironment recon¬structions. Radiocarbon 46(3): 1111-1122.
Fritts H, 1976. Tree Rings and Climate London. Academic Press: 1¬280.
Gil E, 1976. Muzeum Wsi Opolskiej w Opolu-Bierkowicach (Museum of Rural Architecture in Opole-Bierkowice). Opole: 1-24 (in Polish).
Gurskaya M, 2007. A 900-years larch chronology for north-western Siberia on the bases of archaeological wood of the Ust-Voykar set¬tlement. Geochronometria 28: 67-72, DOI 10.2478/v10003-007- 0028-8.
Grissino-Mayer HD, Maxwell JT, Harley GL, Garland NA, Holt DH, Absher C, Beale BJ, Boehm MS, de Graauw KA, Rautio AM and Dye AW, 2013. Dendrochronology reveals the construction history of an early 19th century farm settlement, southwestern Virginia, USA. Journal of Archaeological Science 40: 481-489, DOI 10.1016/j .jas.2012.05.038.
Helama S, Vartiainen M, Holopainen J, Makela HM, Kolstrom T and Merilainen J, 2014. A palaeotemperature record for the Finnish Lakeland based on microdensitometric variations in tree rings. Ge- ochronometria 41(3): 265-277, DOI 10.2478/s13386-013-0163-0.
Heubner KU, 1996. Zum Stand der Dendrochronologie im unteren Odergebiet (The state of dendrochronology in the lower Oder re-gion). In: Moździoch S., ed., Człowiek a środowisko w środkowym i dolnym Nadodrzu. Spotkania Bytomskie 2, Instytut Archeologii i Etnologii PAN, Wrocław: 207-211 (in German).
Holmes RL, 1994. Dendrochronology Program Library. Users Manual. University of Arizona, Tuscon: 1-51.
Inglot S, 1962. Historyczne aspekty zjawisk klimatyczno- meteorologicznych na Śląsku odXVI do połowy XIX wieku (Histor-ical aspects of the climate and meteorological phenomena in Sile-sia from the sixteenth to the mid-nineteenth century). Sprawozda-nia Wrocławskiego Towarzystwa Naukowego, Wrocław: 82-86 (in Polish).
Inglot S, 1968. Zjawiska klimatyczno-meteorologiczne na Śląsku od XVI do połowy XIX wieku (The phenomenon of climate and weather in Silesia from the sixteenth to the mid-nineteenth centu-ry). In: Świętochowski B. ed., Z badań nad wpływem posuchy na rolnictwo na Dolnym Śląsku, Wrocław: 1-139 (in Polish).
Koprowski M, Przybylak R, Zielski A and Pośpieszyńska A, 2012. Tree rings of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) as a source of information about past climate in northern Poland. International Journal of Bi¬ometeorology 56: 1-10, DOI 10.1007/s00484-010-0390-5.
Kozlov V and Kisternaya M, 2004. Architectural wooden monuments as a source of information for past environmental changes in North¬ern Russia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 209: 103-111, DOI 10.1016/j.palaeo.2004.02.006.
Krąpiec M, 2000. Dendrochronological Analysis of Wood from Select-ed Lake Dwellings of the West Baltic Barrow Culture. In: Kola A. ed., Studies in Lake Dwellings of the West Baltic Barrow Culture: 65-77.
Krąpiec M and Margielewski W, 2000. Analiza dendrogeomorfolo- giczna ruchów masowych na obszarze polskich Karpat fliszowych (Dendro-geomorphological analysis of mass movements in the ar-ea of the Polish Carpathians). Kwartalnik AGH Geologia 26 (2): 141-171 (in Polish).
Krąpiec M, Szychowska-Krąpiec E and Walanus A, 2009. Rekon-strukcja termiki okresu zimowego w NE Polsce na podstawie sekwencji przyrostów rocznych sosny zwyczajnej z lat 1582-2004 AD (Reconstruction of the winter thermal conditions in north¬eastern Poland on the basis of the sequence of annual growth of Scots pine in the years 1582-2004 AD). Prace Komisji Paleogeo- grafii Czwartorzędu PAU7: 73-82 (in Polish).
Kuniholm PI, 2000. Dendrochronologically dated Ottoman monuments. In: Baram U, Carroll L, eds, A Historical Archeology of the Otto-man Empire: Braking New Ground, Kluwer Academic Publishers, New York, 93-121.
Kwak J, 1987. Klęski elementarne w miastach górnośląskich (w XVIII i w pierwszej połowie XIX w.) (Natural disasters in the cities of Up-per Silesia (in the eighteenth and the first half of the nineteenth century). Instytut Śląski w Opolu, Opole: 1-93 (in Polish).
Kyncl J and Kyncl T, 1999. Standard chronologien der Nadelgeholze. Gegenwartiger Bearbeitungsstand in Bohmen und Mahren (Stand-ard chronologies of conifers. Current processing status in Bohemia and Moravia). In: Polacek R, Dvorska J, eds, Probleme der mit- teleuropaischen dendrochronologie und naturwissenschaftliche Beitrage zur Talaue der March. Archeological Institute AV CR, Brno: 79-84 (in German).
Laanelaid A and Eckstein D, 2003. Development of a Tree-ring Chro-nology of Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) for Estonia as a Dating Tool and Climate Proxy. Baltic Forestry 9(2): 76-82.
LaMarche VC Jr, 1974. Paleoclimatic Inferences from Long Tree-Ring Records. Science 183:1043-1048, DOI 10.1126/science. 183.4129.1043.
Liang W, Heinrich I, Simard S, Helle G, Linan ID and Heinken T, 2013. Climate Signals Derived from Cell Anatomy of Scots Pine in NE Germany. Tree Physiology 33(8):833-844, DOI 10.1093/treephys/tpt059.
Malik I, Opała M, Wistuba M, Franek M, Tyrol C and Bielarczyk P, 2014. Rekonstrukcja funkcjonowania historycznego hutnictwa żelaza na podstawie datowania dendrochronologicznego pozos-tałości budowli drewnianych i węgli drzewnych z mielerzy (Ró-wnina Opolska) (Reconstruction of the historical iron industry based on the dendrochronological dating of buildings remains and charcoal kilns (Opole Plain)). Studia i materiały Centrum Edukacji Przyrodniczo-Leśnej 40(3): 194-202 (in Polish).
Michalak S, 1971. Rezerwaty przyrody na Opolszczyźnie (Nature Re-serves in the Opole region). Wojewódzki Ośrodek Informacji Turystycznej, Opole, 1-120 (in Polish).
Myglan VS, Zharnikov ZY, Mainicheva AY and Lykhin YP, 2009. Ilimsk Ostrog: its Historical and Dendro-Chronological Aspects. Journal of Siberian Federal University. Humanities & Social Sci-ences 1(3): 43-52.
Namaczyńska S, 1937. Kronika klęsk elementarnych w Polsce i w krajach sąsiednich w latach 1648-1696. T. 1. Zjawiska meteoro¬logiczne i pomory (The Chronicle of natural disasters in Poland and neighboring countries in the years 1648-1696. Vol 1 Meteoro¬logical phenomena and plagues). Lwów: 1-214 (in Polish).
Niedźwiedź T, 1998. Rola cyrkulacji atmosfery w kształtowaniu klima¬tu Górnego Śląska (The role of atmospheric circulation in shaping the climate of Upper Silesia). In: Rzętała M., Szczypek T., eds, 47 Zjazd PTG „Geografia w kształtowaniu i ochronie środowiska oraz transformacji gospodarczej regionu górnośląskiego”- refer¬aty, komunikaty, postery, Sosnowiec: 1-109 (in Polish).
Niedźwiedź T, 2004. Rekonstrukcja warunków termicznych lata w Tatrach od 1550 roku (Reconstruction of the summer thermal con¬ditions in the Tatra Mountains from 1550). In: Kotarba A. ed, Rola Małej Epoki Lodowej w przekształcaniu środowiska przyrod¬niczego Tatr. Prace Geograficzne, 197: 57-88 (in Polish).
Niedźwiedź T, 2010. Summer temperatures in the Tatra Mountains during the Maunder Minimum (1645-1715). Chapter 19, In: Przybylak R, Majorowicz J, Brazdil R, Kejna M, eds., The Polish Climate in the European Context: An Historical Overview, Spring¬er Science + Business Media B.V., 397-406.
Nielsen E, Conley G and McLeod KD, 1995. The use of tree-ring analysis to determine the construction date of historic buildings in southern Manitoba. Manitoba Archaeological Journal 5: 46-59.
Obelić B, Bronić IK, Barešić J, Peković Ž and Milosevic A, 2007. Dating of the old bridge in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Ra-diocarbon 49(2): 617-623.
Opała M and Kaczka RJ, 2008. Dating of wooden shelters in Polish High Tatras - tree rings records of the shepherding history of the Carpathians. In: Elferts D, et al., eds, Proceedings of the DEN- DROSYMPOSIUM2007, May 3rd-6th, Riga, Latvia, 135-139.
Opała M and Kłys G, 2011. Dendrochronological analysis of the manor house in Miejsce near Świerczów on the basis of historical wood. Nature Journal (Opole Scientific Society) 44: 21-24.
Opała M, Majgier L and Parusel T, 2011. Dendrochronologiczna ocena wieku drzew iglastych w wybranych rezerwatach leśnych wo¬jewództwa opolskiego (Dendrochronological assessment of the age of conifers in selected forest reserves of the Opolskie Voi- vodeship). Parki Narodowe i Rezerwaty Przyrody 30(2): 55-70 (in Polish).
Opała M and Mendecki M, 2014. An attempt to dendroclimatic recon¬struction of winter temperature based on multispecies tree-ring widths and extreme years chronologies (example of Upper Silesia, Southern Poland). Theoretical and Applied Climatology 115: 73¬89, DOI 10.1007/s00704-013-0865-5.
Opała M and Mendecki M, 2012. Zastosowanie skalowanych modeli dendroklimatycznych do rekonstrukcji rzeczywistych warunków termicznych i opadowych na Górnym Śląsku (Application of scaled dendroclimatological models for the reconstruction of ther¬mal and precipitation conditions in the Upper Silesia). Studia i ma¬teriały Centrum Edukacji Przyrodniczo-Leśnej 30: 55-65 (in Polish).
Ratajczak B, 1987. Próby zapobiegania klęskom elementarnym w Opolu w okresie od XVII do połowy XIX w (Attempts to prevent natural disasters in Opole in the period from the seventeenth to the mid-nineteenth). Studia Śląskie 45: 167-182 (in Polish).
Rinn F, 2010. TSAP - Reference Manual, Frank Rinn, Heidelberg, Germany.
Rojecki A, ed., 1965. Wyjątki ze źródeł historycznych o nadzwyczajnych zjawiskach hydrologiczno-meteorologicznych na ziemiach polskich od X do XVI (The exceptions from historical sources of the ex-traordinary hydrological and meteorological phenomena of Polish lands from X to XVI). Warszawa: 1-214 (in Polish).
Schmuck A, 1965. Regiony pluwiotermiczne w Polsce (Pluvio-thermal regions in Poland). Czasopismo Geograficzne 46(3): 239-244 (in Polish).
Schweingruber FH, 1990. Microscopic Wood Anatomy; Structural variability of stems and twigs in recent and subfossil woods from Central Europe. 3rd edition. Birmensdorf, Eidgenossische For- schungsanstalt WSL.
Schweingruber FH, 1996. Tree Rings and Environment Dendroecology. Haupt, Berne.
Shyatov SG, Hantemirov RM. Goryaehev VM, Agafonov LI and Gurskaya MA, 2005. Dendroehronologieheskie datirovki archeo- logicheskih istoricheskih i ethnografleheskih pamyatnikov Zapad- noi Sibiri (Dendrochronological dates of archaeological, historical and ethnographical monuments of Western Siberia). Archeologia i estestvennonauchnye metody. M. Yazyki slavyanskoy kultury: 43¬57 (in Russian).
Sikorski M, 1999. NYSA: skarby sztuki i osobliwości (NYSA: treasures of art and singularities). Opole, Wydaw. Silesiapress: 1-136 (in Polish).
Skarbek J, 1998. Karta ewidencyjna dworu w Miejscu (Identification record of the manor house in Miejsce), Archiwum WUOZ w Opo-lu: 1-2 (in Polish).
Speer JH, 2010. Fundamentals of tree-ring research, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson: 1-333.
Staffa M, 2008. Słownik Geografii Turystycznej Sudetów, T 21-22 Wzgórza Niemczańsko-Strzelińskie i Przedgórze Paczkowskie (Dictionary of Geography of Tourism of the Sudetes, Vol 21-22 Niemcza-Strzelin Hills and Paczków Foothills). Wrocław: 1-199 (in Polish).
Stahle DW, 1979. Tree-ring dating of historic buildings in Arkansas. Tree-Ring Bulletin 39: 1-29.
Schulman E, 1948. Dendrochronology at Navajo National Monument. Tree-Ring Bulletin 14(3): 18-24.
Szychowska-Krąpiec E, 1997. Dendrochronological Pine Scale (1622-1996 AD) for the Małopolska Area (South Poland). Biuletyn PAN series Earth sciences 45(1): 1-13.
Szychowska-Krąpiec E, 2010. Long term chronologies of pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and fir (Abies alba Mill.) from the Małopolska region and their paleoclimatic interpretation. Folia Quaternaria 79: 1¬124.
Szychowska-Krąpiec E and Krąpiec M, 2001. Dendrochronological studies on construction of pine standard for SW Poland (prelimi-nary results). Geochronometria 20: 51-56.
Szychowska-Krąpiec E and Krąpiec M, 2005. The Scots Pine Chronol-ogy (1582 - 2004 AD) for the Suwałki Region, NE Poland. Geo-chronometria 24: 41-51.
Tegel W, Vanmoerkerke J and Buntgen U, 2010. Updating historical tree-ring records for climate reconstruction. Quaternary Science Reviews 29: 1957-1959, DOI 10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.05.018.
Thun T, 1991. Dendrochronology and building construc- tion/Dendrochronology and the Investigation of Buildings. In: Storsletten O, Thun T, eds., Proceedings of International Seminar at the Academy of Science and Letters 22: 49- 51.
Trepińska J, ed., 1997. Wahania klimatu w Krakowie (1792-1995). Wielowiekowe zmiany klimatu na podstawie krakowskiej serii meteorologicznej (1792-1995) ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem schyłku glacjału (Climate fluctuations in Krakow (1792-1995). Centuries of climate change on the basis of meteorological series of Cracow (1792-1995) with particular emphasis on late glacial period). IGUJ, Kraków, 1-205 (in Polish).
Vitas A, 2008. Tree-ring chronology of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) for Lithuania. Baltic Forestry: 14(2): 110-115.
Ważny T, 2001. Dendrochronologia obiektów zabytkowych w Polsce (Dendrochronology of historical objects in Poland). Muzeum Ar-cheologiczne w Gdansku, Gdańsk: 1-132 (in Polish).
Ważny T and Eckstein D, 1987. Dendrochronologiczne datowanie wczesnosredniowiecznej slowianskiej osady Wolin (Dendrochron- ological dating of early medieval Slavic settlement Wolin). Mate- rialy Zachodniopomorskie 23: 147-164 (in Polish).
Wilczyński S and Skrzyszewski J, 2002. The climatic signal in tree- rings of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) from foot-hills of the Su- detic Mountains (southern Poland). Forstwissenschaftliches Cen- tralblatt 121: 15-24.
Wilson RJS, Esper J and Luckman BH, 2004. Utilising historical tree-ring data for dendroclimatology: A case study from the Bavarian Forest, Germany. Dendrochronologia 21(2):53-68, DOI 10.1078/1125-7865-00041.
Zielski A, 1992. Long term chronology of Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in the Northern part of Poland. Dendrochronologia 10: 77-90.
Zielski A and Krąpiec M, 2004. Dendrochronologia (Dendrochronolo-gy). Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa, 1-328 (in Polish).
Zielski A, Krąpiec M, Wilczyński S and Szychowska-Krąpiec E, 2001. Chronologie przyrostów radialnych sosny zwyczajnej w Polsce (Chronologies of Scots pine radial growth in Poland). Sylwan CXLV (5): 105-119 (in Polish).
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top