Radiocarbon and dendrochronological dating of Sub-fossil oaks from Smarhoń riverine sediments
More details
Hide details
Group of Dendroclimatology and Radiometrics, Centre of Environmental Research, Faculty of Nature Sciences, Vytautas Magnus University, Ž.E. Žilibero str. 6, LT-46324, Kaunas, Lithuania
Radioisotope Research Laboratory, Institute of Geology and Geography, Nature Research Centre, T. Ševčenkos str. 13, LT-03223, Vilnius, Lithuania
Online publication date: 2014-03-20
Publication date: 2014-06-01
Geochronometria 2014;41(2):121-128
Sub-fossil oaks from Smarhoń in Belarus have been investigated and tree-ring chronologies were assembled. According to radiocarbon dating, the oldest oak grew from 5782–5612 cal BC and the youngest from 1575–1747 cal AD. Radiocarbon and dendrochronological dating of 97 samples, four single series, 10 mean curves (containing 2–9 series) and three chronologies (10–25 series) were constructed. The longest chronology (No. 16), covering 549 years, was absolutely dated against various oak chronologies of Polish/Baltic origin to AD 778–1326. Germination and dying-off phases were assessed from the three best replicated chronologies. A spectral analysis of the chronologies provided cycles of variable length, on average of 25 years.
Baillie MGL and Pilcher JR, 1973. A simple cross-dating program for tree-ring research. Tree-Ring Bulletin 33: 7–14.
Becker B, 1972. Möglichkeiten für den Aufbau einer absoluten Jahringchronologie des Postglazials anhand subfossiler Eichen aus Donauschottern (Possibility for the construction of a tree-ring chronology for the postglacial with subfossil oaks from gravel deposits in the Danube river). Berichte der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschaft 85: 29–45 (in German).
Becker B, 1982. Dendrochronologie und Paläoökologie subfosiller Baumstämme aus Flussablagerungen: ein Beitrag zur nacheiszeitlichen Auenentwicklung im südlichen Mitteleuropa (Dendrochronology and paleoecology of subfossil tree trunks from fluvial sediments: postglacial development of riparian areas in south-central Europe). Mitteilungen der Kommision für Quartärforschung der österreichishen Akademie der Wissenschaften 5, 120 p (in German).
Bitvinskas T, 1974. Dendroklimaticheskye issledovanye (Dendroclimatological investigations). Leningrad, Gidrometeoizdat, 172 p (in Russian).
Bitvinskas T, 1978a. K voprosu o vozmozhnosti postroenye sverchdolgosrochnych dendroshkal v Yuznoi Pribaltike (On the question of the possibilities of construction of supra-long chronologies in the southern Baltic region). In: Bitvinskas T, ed., Environmental conditions and radial increment of trees. Lithuanian Institute of Botany, Kaunas, p. 45–51 (in Russian).
Bitvinskas T, 1978b. Sverchdolgosrochnyje dendroshkaly i perspektivy ich sozdanya (Supra-long chronologies and perspectives of construction). Dendroclimatological investigations in the USSR. Archangelsk, p. 15–16 (in Russian).
Bitvinskas T, 1984. Biologycheskye osnovy dendroklimatochronologicheskych issledovanyi (Bioecological background of dendroclimatochronological investigations). Doctor habil. Dissertation (biology). Institute of Ecology for Plants and Animals, Sverdlovsk, 395 p (in Russian).
Bitvinskas T, Dergachev V, Daukantas A, Liiva A, Suurman S and Šulija K, 1978a. Ispolzovanyje radiouglerodnogo metoda datirovanya v celiach cozdanya sverchdolgosrochnych dendroshkal (Application of radiocarbon dating method for construction of supra-long chronologies). In: Bitvinskas T, eds., Environmental conditions and radial increment of trees. Lithuanian Institute of Botany, Kaunas, p. 51–55 (in Russian).
Bitvinskas T, Dergachev V, Kairaitis J and Zakarka R, 1972. K voprosu o vozmozhnosti postrojenye sverchdolgosrochnych dendroshkal v Yuznoi Pribaltike (On question of the possibilities of construction of the supra-long chronologies in the southern Baltic region). In: Kocharov et al., eds., Proceedings of the 2 ndinter-union conference for dendrochronology and dendroclimatology “Dendroclimatochronology and radiocarbon”. Kaunas, Lithuanian Institute of Botany, p. 69–75 (in Russian).
Bitvinskas T, Dergachev V, Kocharov G, Liiva A, Suurman S and Šulija K, 1978b. Ispolzovanye radiouglerodnogo metoda datirovanya v celiach cozdanya sverchdolgosrochnych dendroshkal v uslovyach Yuznoi Pribaltiki (Application of radiocarbon dating method for construction of supra-long chronologies in southern Baltic region). In: Kocharov G, eds., Proceeding of the 6 thinterunion symposium “Astrophysical phenomena and radiocarbon”. Tbilisi, University of Tbilisi, p. 185–192 (in Russian).
Bitvinskas T and Kairaitis J, 1975. Dinamika radialnogo prirosta dubovych nasazhdenyi Litovskoi SSR i ee sviaz s uslovyami sredy, klimatom, i solnechnoy aktivnostiu (Dynamics of the radial growth of oak stands in Lithuanian SSR and its relationships to environmental conditions, climate and solar activity). Bitvinskas T, ed., Symposium materials of XII-International Botanical Congress “Bioecological fundamentals of dendrochronology”. Vilnius: Lithuanian Institute of Botany, p. 69–74 (in Russian).
Boecker WS, Peteet DM and Rind D, 1985. Does the ocean-atmosphere system have more than one stable mode of operation? Nature 315(6014): 21–26, DOI 10.1038/315021a0.
Briffa KR and Matthews JA, 2002. Advance-10K: a European contribution towards a hemispheric dendroclimatology for the Holocene. The Holocene 12(6): 639–642, DOI 10.1191/0959683602hl576ed.
Bronk Ramsey C, Dee M, Lee S, Nakagawa T and Staff R, 2010. Developments in the calibration and modelling of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon 52(3): 953–961.
Bukantis A, 1998. Neįprasti gamtos reiškiniai Lietuvos žemėse XI–XX amžiuose (The unusual natural phenomena in the territory of Lithuania in the 11th–20th centuries). Vilnius, Geografijos institutas: 197 p (in Lithuanian).
Delorme A, 1977. Construction of a post-glacial tree-ring chronology at the University of Göttingen, Federal Republic of Germany, based on sub-fossil oak trunks. Dendrochronology in Northern Europe. Abstracts of the Symposium. Oxford, Research Laboratory for Archaeology and History Art: 11.
Delorme A, Leuschner HH, Tüxen J and Höfle HC, 1983. Der subatlantische Torfeichen-Horizont ‘Sieden’, erneut belegt im Toten Moor am Steinhuder Meer (A further occurrence of the Subatlantic Peat-Oak “Sieden” horizon in the Totes Moor near the Steinhuder Meer, Lower Saxony). Telma 13: 33–51 (in German).
Dumitriu-Tataranu I and Popescu M, 1988. Investigarea dendrocronologica a unui trunchi subfosil de stejar (Dendrochronological investigation of a subfossil oak trunk). Studii si Cercetari de Biologie, Seria Biol. Veget. 40(1): 29–40 (in Romanian).
Eckstein D, 1987. Measurement and dating procedures in dendrochronology. In: Kairiukštis L, Bednarz Z and Feliksik E, eds., Methods of dendrochronology. IIASA, Warsaw, 3: 35–44.
Eckstein D and Bauch J, 1969. Beitrag zur Rationalisierung eines dendrochronologischen Verfahrens und zur Analyse seiner Aussagesicherheit (Contribution to the rationalization of a dendrochronological procedure and analysis of its significance). Forst-wissenschaftliches Centralblatt 88(4): 230–250 (in German).
Florek W, 1984. Niektóre problemy sedymentologiczne związane z budową teras środkowo- i młodoholoceńskich dolnego Bobru (Some sedimentation problems of the terrace formation during Young and Middle Holocene of lower Bobr). Rocznik PTG 54: 3–4, 397–410 (in Polish).
Gonzales IG, 2001. Weiser: a computer program to identify event and pointer years in dendrochronological series. Dendrochronologia 19(2): 239–244.
Van Geel B, Van Der Plicht J, Kilian MR, Klaver ER, Kouwenberg JHM, Renssen H, Reynaud-Farrera I and Waterbolk HT, 1998. The sharp rise of Δ14C ca. 800 cal BC: possible causes, related climatic teleconnections and the impact on human environments. Radiocarbon 40(1): 535–550.
Hillam J and Tyers I, 1995. Reliability and repeatability in dendrochronological analysis: tests using the Fletcher archive of panel-painting data. Archaeometry 37(2): 395–405, DOI 10.1111/j.1475-4754.1995.tb00752.x.
Kalicki T, 1991. The evolution of the Vistula river valley between Cracow and Niepolomice in late Vistulian and Holocene times. In: Starkel L, eds., Evolution of the Vistula river valley during the last 15000 years, part IV. Geographical Studies, Special Issue 6: 11–37.
Kalicki T, 2006. Zapis zmian klimatu oraz działalności człoweka i ich rola w Holoceńskiej ewolucji dolin środkowoeuropejskich (Reflection of climatic changes and human activity and their role in the Holocene evolution of Central European valleys). Prace Geograficzne 204: 1–348.
Kalicki T and Krąpiec M, 1995. Problems of dating alluvium using buried subfossil tree trunks: lessons from the “black oaks” of the Vistula Valley, Central Europe. The Holocene 5(2): 243–250, DOI 10.1177/095968369500500213.
Kolar T, Rybnicek M and Premyslovska E, 2009. Dating and properties of subfossil oak wood. In: Levanic T, Gricar J, Hafner P, Kranjnc R, Jagodic S, Gartner H, Heinrich I and Helle G, eds., Tree Rings in Archaeology, Climatology and Ecology, Volume 8. Proc. of the Dendrosymposium 2009. GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam, Germany. Scientific Technical Report STR10/05: 136–144.
Krąpiec M, 1992. Skale dendrochronologiczne póznego holocenu południowej i centralnej Polski (Late Holocene tree-ring chronologies of south and central Poland). Kwartalnik AGH-Geologia 18: 37–119 (in Polish).
Krąpiec M, 1994. “Czarne dęby” — Dendrochronologia i fazy akumulacji pni w Dolinie Wisły (“Black oaks” — dendrochronology and phases of accumulation of trunks in the Vistula Valley). In: Starkel L and Prokop P, eds., Environmental changes of the Carpathians and subcarpathians basins 20: 57–68 (in Polish).
Krąpiec M, 1998. Oak dendrochronology of the Neoholocene in Poland. Folia Quaternaria 69: 5–134.
Krąpiec M, 2001. Holocene dendrochronological standards for subfossil oaks from the area of Southern Poland. Studia Quaternaria 18: 47–63.
Pilcher JR, Baillie MGL, Schmidt B and Becker B, 1984. A 7272-year tree-ring chronology for Western Europe. Nature 312(5990): 150–152, DOI 10.1038/312150a0.
Pukienė R, 2002. Paprastojo ąžuolo metinio radialiojo prieaugio kaitos chronologija nuo 1208 iki 1408 metų (Oak annual radial growth chronology covering 1208–1408). Dendrologia Lithuaniae 6: 102–107 (in Lithuanian).
Pukienė R, 2003. Sub-fossil oak timbers from the Mid Holocene as an evidence for Lithuanian forest history. Baltic Forestry 9(2): 71–75.
Reimer PJ, Bard E, Bayliss A, Beck JW, Blackwell PG, Bronk Ramsey C, Grootes PM, Guilderson TP, Haflidason H, Hajdas I, Hatte C, Heaton TJ, Hoffmann DL, Hogg AG, Hughen KA, Kaiser KF, Kromer B, Manning SW, Niu M, Reimer RW, Richards DA, Scott EM, Southon JR, Staff RA, Turney CSM and van der Plicht J, 2013. IntCal13 and Marine13 Radiocarbon Age Calibration Curves 0–50,000 Years cal BP. Radiocarbon 55(4): 1869–1887.
Schweingruber FH, Eckstein D, Serre-Bachet F and Bräker OU, 1990. Identification, presentation of event years and pointer years in dendrochronology. Dendrochronologia 8: 9–38.
Spurk M, Friedrich M, Hofmann J, Remmele S, Frenzel S, Frenzel B, Leuchner HH and Kromer B, 1998. Revisions and extensions of the Hohenheim oak and pine chronologies — new evidence about the timing of the Younger Dryas/Preboreal transition. Radiocarbon 40: 1107–1116.
Spurk M, Leuschner HH, Baillie MGL, Briffa KR and Friedrich M, 2002. Depositional frequency of German subfossil oaks: climatically and non-climatically induced fluctuations in the Holocene. The Holocene 12(6): 707–715, DOI 10.1191/0959683602hl583rp.
Starkel L and Krąpiec M, 1995. Profile of the alluvia with “Black oaks” in Kędzierz on the Wisłoka River. Evolution of the Vistula river valley. Geographical Studies 8: 101–110.
Stasytytė I, Pakalnis R and Vitas A, 2005. Dendrochronological investigation on Scots pine timber extracted from Lake Stirniai, Northeastern Lithuania. Baltic Forestry 11(1): 46–53.
Vitas A, 2009. Dendrochronological analysis of subfossil Fraxinus and Quercus wood excavated from the Kegai mire in Lithuania. Baltic Forestry 15(1): 41–45.
Vitas A, 2010. Dendrochronological analysis of subfossil Fraxinus from the Middle and Late Holocene Period in Lithuania. Tree-Ring Research 66(2): 83–92.
Vitas A and Zunde M, 2007. Dendrochronological investigation on historical English oak (Quercus robur L.) in Lithuania and Latvia: problems and potential. In: Elferts D, Brumelis G, Gärtner H, Helle G and Schleser G, eds., TRACE: Tree Rings in Archaeology, Climatology and Ecology, Assoc. for Tree Ring Research. Potsdam, 6: 124–127.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top